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Marge's Surnames

Great Grandparents -- Thomas KUDRON / KUDROŃ and Ursula MODELSKI

 My Great-grandfather, Thomas KUDRON / Tomasz KUDROŃ, immigrated from the Village of Leki Gorne / Łęki Górne, in the former Tarnov Province, Poland (now in Podkarpackie Province).  At the time of his birth and residence this area was in the Austrian Partition of Poland called Galicia.  (Current map showing Leki Gorne.) Thomas was born 24 Sep 1869 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland, house #6. He was the son of Andrew / Andrzej KUDRON and Marianna TOMASIEWICZ. Thomas married Ursula / Urszula MODELSKI, daughter of Maryanna MODELSKI, on 13 May 1891 in the Leki Gorne Parish. Ursula was born 11 Jun 1869 in Leki, Poland, house #1.

Thomas and Ursula were the parents of nine children:  Martha, my grandmother, was the oldest; Andrew "Henry"; Marianna; Catharina "Kate"; Joseph; Frank; Stanislaus; Anna; and John William.  Marianna, Joseph and Stanislaus died at birth or in early childhood.  John William was the only child born in the United States.  All of their Polish-born children, except Andrew, were born and baptized in the Parish of Leki Gorne / Łęki Górne.  For the longest time I was unable to find a birth/baptism record for Andrew, who, according to his obituary was born 21 June 1893.  While reviewing some of my earlier records, I noticed that Thomas had been named as the Godfather of his nephew, Julian KIELISZEK, who was born and baptized in Zwiernik in April 1893.  I wondered if Andrew may have also been born in Zwiernik, since Julian was born just a couple of months before him.  I ordered the LDS microfilm for the Parish of Zwiernik again.  There was no baptism record for Andrew....  I pulled up Julian's baptism record again and upon closer inspection, I found a notation about Thomas that said he was a coachman / wagon driver from Szczegocice (sic).  The Village of Strzegocice is part of the Pilzno Parish, where some of my family lines, including KUDRON, originate.  Unfortunately, the records in the 1893 time period for this village are missing from the LDS microfilm.  There is, however, a Birth Index for the whole Parish, where I found this entry:  Kudroń, Andreas, 1893, 21/7, Strzegocice.  The parents were not named in the index, but the date was only a month off from the date that was published in Andrew's obituary.  The entry in Julian KIELISZEK's baptism record puts Thomas in Szczegocice / Strzegocice in April 1893.

Many of the marriage and baptism records include the "occupation" of the person.  Thomas and Ursula's marriage record showed that he was a "famulus."  According to my research sources, this term means "generally a landless farm worker or worker on an estate" or "a male slave, servant."  On one of the baptism records of their children Thomas' occupation was given as "inquilinus", which means "a farmer who lived with another" or "a landless or tenant farmer; one who farms for another landowner."  Thomas' father Andrew, born in the Village of Kozia Wola, a few kilometers northeast of Łęki, was the only child of John / Jan KUDRON and Apolonia nee PODRAZA.  John died when Andrew was only 10 months old and his mother did not remarry.  Thomas' brothers-in-law, Ludwig SOKOL and Jan KIELISZEK, were both born out of wedlock.  It appears that neither of their mothers married.  They too were probably landless peasants.  All things considered, our KUDRON family was probably very poor.

Thomas' sister and brother-in-law, Anna and Ludwig SOKOL, emigrated from Poland around 1897-1898 with their three children.  According to his obituary, Ludwig / Louis SOKOL and his wife Anna, first settled on a farm near Duncan, Platte County, Nebraska.  They later purchased a farm east of Fullerton in Nance County.  I have not yet located the ship passenger list for the SOKOL family.  Thomas KUDRON and Jan / John KIELISZEK named their brother-in-law Ludwig SOKOL, living in Fullerton, Nebraska, as the person they were meeting when they set sail for America.

On 4 July 1906 Thomas and his brother-in-law John KIELISZEK left the Port of Hamburg, Germany aboard the S.S. KaiserinSS Kaiserin August Victoria Auguste Victoria.  They arrived at the Port of  New York on 14 July 1906 -- two of the millions of immigrants who passed through Ellis Island.  Their Ship Passenger List Entry for Thomas Kudron and John Kieliszekpassage had been paid by their brother-in-law, and they noted that they were going to join Ludwig SOKOL, who was living in Fullerton, Nebraska. Since Thomas was the only KUDRON listed on the Hamburg, Germany passenger list, it was apparent that my great grandmother, Ursula, and their children did not arrive until sometime later. A small notebook that my grandmother, Martha, kept had her year of immigration as 1907. My Aunt Mary said she thought her mother came through Boston. Thomas and Ursula's youngest child, John, was born in the U.S. in 1908. Until early 2005, I had not yet found Ursula and family on a ship passenger list. In late 2004 I found the Declaration of Intention for citizenship of my grandmother's brother Andrew. Andrew indicated on this form that he sailed from Hamburg, Germany on the vessel Ivernia. He arrived at the Port of Boston, Massachusetts, on the 20th of June 1907.  (Photo of S. S. Kaiserin August Victoria from Wikipedia)

See Ivernia - Ship Passenger List   Images of the Ivernia passenger list for June 20, 1907, are on LDS microfilm 1715605. Listed were Ursula KUDRON and her children: Martha, Andrew, Kata (Katherine/Kate), Frank and Anna. They were going to Genoa, Nebraska, to be with Thomas KUDRON, husband and father.

Thomas and Ursula farmed around Genoa in Nance County, Nebraska.  They were members of the rural Ss. Peter and Paul Church at Krakow in Nance County.  In the Ss. Peter and Paul Centennial Book is a listing of the "Early Members of the Rosary Group, 1913".  Ursula KUDRON and Anna SOKOL were both included on this list.  Thomas and Ursula later moved to Columbus in Platte County. Thomas died 9 Mar 1938.  After Thomas' death, Ursula went to live with her daughter Martha and son-in-law Stanislaus GALUS, who were farming south of Columbus between the Platte and Loup Rivers. Ursula died 29 Jun 1940.  Thomas and Ursula are buried in the St. Bonaventure Catholic Cemetery in different sections.

Kudron Family
KUDRON Family, probably taken in Nance County, Nebraska
Andrew "Henry" KUDRON, Stanislaus and Martha KUDRON GALUS, Thomas KUDRON,
next 3 are unknown, Ursula MODELSKI KUDRON

My Aunt Frances said the young person holding Thomas's hand was her oldest brother Thaddeus. Thaddeus was born December 1912. However, John, youngest son of Thomas and Ursula, was born about 1908.

This is entirely speculation on my part, but Thomas could be holding young John KUDRON's hand.  Andrew born 1893; John born 1908/1909.  My grandmother Martha born 1891.

Tomasz / Thomas KUDRON
b. 24 Sep 1869,
Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland
d. 9 Mar 1938
Columbus, Platte Co., Nebraska
bur. St. Bonaventure Cem.
Columbus, Nebraska

Parents:
Andrzej / Andrew KUDRON
Marianna TOMASIEWICZ
Married
13 May 1891
Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland
Urszula / Ursula MODELSKI
b. 11 Jun 1865
Leki, Galicia, Austria Poland
d. 29 Jun 1940
Columbus, Platte Co., Nebraska
bur. St. Bonaventure Cem.
Columbus, Nebraska

Parents:
Father unnamed
Marianna MODELSKI
Step-father:
Joannes TARCZON \ TORCZON

 Thomas' birth/baptismal record

Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898738, item 11, page 286, entry 124
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland
September 1869, date of birth 24, date of baptism 25, house # 6
Thomas, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Andreas Kudron son of Joannis and Apolonia nee Tomasiewicz (This is an error -- should be Podraza)
Mother: Marianna daughter of Andreas Tomasiewicz and Theclae nee Dudek
Godparents: Michael Tomasiewicz and Theclae Matyja

 Ursula's birth/baptismal record

Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm #1898738, item , page 197, #81
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland
1865 June, date of birth 11, date of baptism 12, house #1
Ursula Modelski, Catholic, daughter, illegitimate
Father: unnamed
Mother: Marianna daughter of Simon Modelski and Eva nee Reczkowska
Godparents: Thomas Skorupa, Catharina Kotlarzowna

 Marriage Record of Thomas and Ursula

Marriage record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 10, p. 76
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland
Date: 13 May 1891
Groom:  Thomas Kudron, son of Andreas and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz, famulus*
Catholic, age 21 1/2; single isn't marked, but widower has a dash though it, house 204.
Bride: Ursula, illeg daughter of Marianna nee Modelski, Catholic, age 25, single
Marriage witnesses: Adalbertus Skorupa, Stanislaus Pekala
* famulus:  generally a landless farm worker or worker on an estate

 Before Thomas and Ursula's marriage in May of 1891, Ursula gave birth to an illegitimate son. The church records did not name the father of an illegitimate child. An exception to this was if the parents ultimately married, then the status of the child was changed to legitimate and the father's name was recorded on the record.

 Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 1, page 169, #27
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland
1889 April, date of birth 12, date of baptism 13, house #1
Protasius, Catholic, son, illegitimate (died 28 May 1889)
Father: unnamed
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Marianna nee Modelska, famula (servant, slave)
Godparents: Laurentius Chebda, Catharina Moskal
Obst. Catharina Kotlarz

The 1910 U.S. census for Nebraska shows that Thomas and Ursula and their six children were living in Loup Township, Platte County, Nebraska.

 1910 U.S. census, Nebraska, Platte County, Loup Township, ED 176, page 8A, 2 May 1910
Dwelling 138, family 101
Kudron, Thomas, head, age 40, married once, married 20 years, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland, immigrated 1906 Alien, farmer, farm
Ursula, wife, age 45, married once, married 20 years, mother of 10 children, 6 children living, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
Martha, daughter, age 19, single, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
next page
Andrew, son, age 17, single, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
Frank, son, age 9, single, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
Katharina, daughter, age 6, single, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
Anna, daughter, age 5, single, born Austria Poland, parents born Austria Poland
John, son, age 1, single, born Nebraska, parents born Austria Poland

In the 1920 and 1930 U.S. censuses Thomas and Ursula were enumerated in Genoa Township in Nance County, Nebraska.

 1920 U.S. census, Nebraska, Nance County, Genoa Township, ED 168, sheet 3B, __ ____ 1920
Dwelling 69, family 71
Kudron, Tom, head, age 49, married, immigrated 1907, naturalized 1911, can read and write, born Poland, parents born Poland, farmer, general farm
Kudron, Orsa, wife, age 53, married, immigrated unknown, naturalized, can read and write, born Poland, parents born Poland
Kudron, Anna, daughter, age 14, single, immigrated unknown, naturalized, can read and write, born Poland, parents born Poland
Kudron, John, son, age 11, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Kudron, Frank, son, age 18, single, immigrated unknown, naturalized, can read and write, born Poland, parents born Poland

 1930 Nebraska Census, Nance County, Genoa Township, ED 9, sheet 3B, 8 April 1930
Dwelling 66, family 66
Kudron, Tom, head, O, male, white, age 62, married, age 28 when first married, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1908, naturalized, Farmer, Small farm
Kudron, Ursula, wife, age 67, married, age 26 when first married, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1890, Pa (first papers)
(Ursula's year of immigration can't be right. Tom and Ursula married in 1891 and all but their youngest child was born in Poland. Ursula is the last entry on this page. I noticed on the next page the first person's year of immigration was 1890 and first papers submitted.  The census enumerator must have made a mistake.)

In the 1940 census Ursula's entry is directly after that of her son-in-law and daughter, Stanislaus and Martha GALUS.  While she is enumerated as a separate household, my Dad said his grandmother lived with Stanislaus and Martha.

1940 U.S. Census, Nebraska, Platte County, Columbus, ED 71-7, sheet 11B, 8 May 1940
Household, 218, rents
Galus, Stanley (x), head, age 60, married, completed 6 years school, born Poland, living in same house in 1935, farmer, at home
Galus, Martha, wife, age 50, married, completed 0 school, born Poland, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Edmund, son, age 22, single, completed 8 years school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935, farmer, at home
Galus, Frances, daughter, age 20, single, completed 8 years school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Laura, daughter, age 16, single, completed 3 years high school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Mary, daughter, age 14, single, completed 1 year high school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Household, 219, rents
Kudron, Ursula, (mother-in-law crossed through) head, age 75, widow, completed 0 school, born Poland, first papers filed, living in Nance County, Nebraska in 1935

 Children of Thomas and Ursula MODELSKI KUDRON:

 Martha KUDRON

Martha, my grandmother, was born 24 Mar 1891 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland, Stanislaus and Martha KUDRON GALUShouse #1.  She immigrated to the United States with her mother and siblings, arriving at the Port of Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1907, aboard the S.S. Ivernia.  They were going to Genoa, Nebraska, in Nance County, to join her father Thomas, who had immigrated a year earlier.  In 1910 19-year-old Martha was enumerated with her parents Thomas and Ursula in Loup Township, Platte County, Nebraska.  Martha married Stanislaus GALUS on 31 Jan 1912 at Sts. Peter and Paul Catholic Church in Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.

 Martha's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 1, page 186, #28
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
March 1891, date of birth 24, date of baptism 24, house 1
Child: Martha, Catholic, daughter, illegitimate; due to subsequent marriage [of the parents], changed to legitimate
Father: Thomas Kudron, son of Andreas and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Marianna nee Modelski
Godparents: Laurentius Chebda, Agnes Sztyc

 Marriage record of Stanislaus GALUS and Martha KUDRON
MARRIAGE RECORDS; BOOK 4 (part), PAGES 1 - 201; NANCE COUNTY, NEBRASKA
p37 #303, 31 Jan 1912, Krakow, Nance, NE
Galus, Stanislaus, age 28,  birthplace: Austria, residence: Genoa, Nance, NE, Parents: Andrew Galus & Agnis Sztaris
Kudron, Martha, age 21, birthplace: Austria, residence: Genoa, Nance, NE, Parents: Tom Kudron & Orsula Moeleski
Married by Rev E. Soliwoski.  Married at Sts Peter & Paul Cath church.  Witnesses: John Galus and Cathrine Kudron

Source: Nance County, NeGenWeb - Nebraska GenWeb
http://files.usgwarchives.net/ne/nance/marriage/book4.txt

Martha and Stanislaus were the parents of nine children:
 Thaddeus A. (Ted) was born 11 Dec 1912 at Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska. On 11 Jul 1934Thaddeus and Lucille NANSEL GALUS Thaddeus married Lucille Mildred NANSEL in Monroe, Platte County, Nebraska. Lucille, a daughter of William P. NANSEL and Caroline WILSON, was born 22 Aug 1913 at Monroe. Ted and Lucille farmed near Monroe for a time before moving to Omaha, Douglas County.  They both worked in the South Omaha Packing Houses.  Ted died 23 Aug 1998 in Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska. Lucille died 2 Aug 1988 in Omaha. Both Thaddeus and Lucille are buried at St. John's Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska. They were the parents of two children who are still living.

I grew up a block and a half from Uncle Ted and Aunt Lucille in our St. Francis Assisi neighborhood in South Omaha.  Many was the time we would walk up the hill past Kudlacz's neighborhood grocery store, and up the alley to Uncle Ted's.

 Beata Marie / Bess was born 29 Mar 1914 at Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska. She married Floyd Max NANSEL on 6 Feb 1934 at Fullerton, Nance County.  Floyd was a son of Michael NANSEL and Katherine Floyd and Beata "Bess" GALUS NANSELDRYER. He was born 21 Jan 1910 at Monroe, Platte County, Nebraska. Their son Donnie was born 8 Apr 1936; he died at the age of 11 on 1 Jun 1947. Their daughter Kathleen Ann NANSEL was born 8 Dec 1950 in Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska; she died 4 Jan 2000 in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Kathleen was the mother of two adopted children. Bess and Floyd farmed near Monroe, Platte County for sometime, before moving to Columbus. Bess died 5 Jun 2010 in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.  Floyd  died 25 Jun 1995 in Columbus.  Bess, Floyd, Donnie and Kathleen are buried at St. Bonaventure Cemetery in Columbus. There is one son still living.

As a "city girl," I have great memories of visiting Aunt Bess and Uncle Floyd on their farm near Monroe.  There were a few times when my cousin Lora, my sister Ronnie and me would stay for a week or two on the farm during the summer.  Aunt Bess was a great cook...I remember her wonderful homemade doughnuts, and I especially remember her awesome mulberry pies.  There was a large mulberry tree in the yard next to the farm house.  We would stand under the tree, holding an old sheet, and Uncle Floyd would shake the branches, showering us with mulberries, which we caught in the sheet.  I remember playing hide-and-seek in the farmyard, and one year we tore down an old dilapidated hog shed.  My cousin David and I built little rivers and dams out by the windmill.

 Anna Frances was born 28 Nov 1915 at Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska. Anna married Felix Philip Felix and Anna GALUS FOREMANFOREMAN on 24 Oct 1938. Felix was a son of Jan \ John FURMANSKI \ FOREMAN and Mary MORITZ.  He was born 4 Jul 1908 in Platte Center, Platte County, Nebraska.  Anna and Felix lived in Omaha, Nebraska, for a few years before moving to Ogden, Utah, for a time.  They later returned to South Omaha, Nebraska.  They both worked in the South Omaha Packing Houses.  Anna loved to cook.  She always had a delectable delight ready to savor.  After her husband Felix died, my husband Bruce and I took Aunt Anna grocery shopping every couple of weeks.  I would often share with her my latest genealogical discovery, which just as often triggered a memory of hers, and would lead me down a path toward more discoveries.  Anna died 24 Jul 2007 at the Hospice House in Omaha.  I was privileged to be with her during her last hours on this earth.  Felix died 3 Apr 1997 at his home in Omaha. Both of them are buried at St. John's Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska. They had two children who are still living.

I grew up in the South Omaha St. Francis of Assisi neighborhood.  My grandparents owned three little houses next to each other on K street between 32nd and 33rd.  My grandparents lived in one house, my family lived in the middle house and Aunt Anna and her family lived in the third house.  I have many fond memories of growing up in that South Omaha community.

 My father, Edmund Stanley was born 11 Nov 1917 in Albion, Boone County, Nebraska.  My Dad was enumerated with his parents on the farm south of Columbus in Platte County in the 1940 census.  He Edmund and Dorothy THOMAS GALUSworked for the Union Pacific Railroad for a short time before he was inducted into the army on 23 Jan 1941.  While he was home on furlough, he met my mother at a dance in Columbus.  After a long distance courtship, he married Dorothy Margaret THOMAS on 30 Jan 1943 in the 46th Armored Regiment Chapel at Camp Beale, near Modesto, California. Dorothy was a daughter of Adolph THOMAS and Julia ZACH. She was born 2 Jul 1921 at Albion, Boone County, Nebraska.  Edmund and Dorothy settled in South Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, after Edmund was discharged from the Army.  He worked at Royal Typewriter for a time.  Shortly after the Veterans' Administration Hospital was built in Omaha, Edmund started working in the cafeteria and later in the lab as a laborer.  Dorothy worked for Zabel's Smoked Fish in South Omaha, then became the custodian of the St. Francis Assisi Parish Church and grade school.  In 1964 we moved to another home on 52nd and Q Streets.  Edmund and Dorothy were very involved with their grandchildren and hold a very special place in their hearts and memories.  Edmund died 28 Feb 2009 in Omaha.  Dorothy died 3 Jan 2005 in Omaha, after suffering from Alzheimer's for several years. They are both buried at St. John's Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska. Edmund and Dorothy were the parents of five daughters, who are still living.

 Frances was born (private). She married Edward CHLEBINSKI.

 Frank was born 28 Oct 1919 at Albion, Boone County, Nebraska. He died 29 Oct 1919 and is buried at Ss. Peter and Paul Cemetery in Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.

 Henry was born (private). He married Alice.

 Laura was born 15 Dec 1923 at Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska. She moved to South Omaha with her Chester and Laura GALUS ZIEMBA with son Chesterparents, after they left the farm in Columbus.  Laura married Chester Joseph ZIEMBA on 27 Dec 1948 in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan. Chester was a son of Thomas ZIEMBA and Sophia SOSNOWSKI.  He was born 6 Jan 1914 in Detroit.  Chester's uncle, Louis ZIEMBA, lived in the Fullerton, Nance County, Nebraska area.  Laura and Chester met when he was in Nebraska visiting his uncle.  Chester was a lawyer in Detroit.  He died of cancer 20 Jul 1961 in Detroit. After her husband's death, Laura returned to South Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska.  She work for the National Park Service.  Laura died 10 Oct 2001 at her home in Omaha. They were the parents of one adopted son, Chester Jonathan, who was born 24 Jul 1955 in Detroit and died 16 Mar 1975 in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska. Laura, Chester and their son are all buried at St. John's Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska.

 Mary was born (private). She married Chester Sylvester WSZALEK in 1945. Chester was a son of Joseph and Sophie WSZALEK. He was born 19 Dec 1917 in Wisconsin and died 11 Feb 1999 in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. Chester is buried in Milwaukee. They were the parents of six children, who are still living.
Martha and Stanislaus farmed in Nance, Holt, Boone and Platte counties, before moving to South Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska in the early to mid-1940's.  They were members of St. Francis Assisi parish in South Omaha. Martha died 16 Jan 1973 in Omaha. Stanislaus died 18 May 1965 in Omaha. Both Martha and Stanislaus are buried in St. John's Catholic Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska.

 Stanislaus and Martha GALUS in the 1920, 1930 and 1940 censuses

 1920 U.S. census, Nebraska, Boone County, Ashland Precinct, ED 15, sheet 11A, 17 ___ 1920 (probably January), Family 113
Galus, Stanley, head, rents, age 39, married, immigrated 1898, first papers filed, can read, can write, born Poland Aus, parents born Poland Aus, farmer
Galus, Martha K., wife, age 28, married, immigrated unknown, alien, can read, born Poland Aus, parents born Poland Aus
Galus, Tedys A., son, age 7, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland Aus
Galus, Beata, daughter, age 5, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland Aus
Galus, Anna, daughter, age 4 1/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland Aus
Galus, Edmond, son, age 2 2/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland Aus
Galus, Frances, daughter, age 3/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland Aus

 1930 U.S. Federal Census, Nebraska, Platte County, Monroe Township, ED 24, sheet 5A, 12 April 1930
Section 14, dwelling 94, family 94
Galus, Stanley, head, rents, male, white, age 50, married, age 31 when first married, born Poland, parents born Poland, speaks Polish, immigrated 1897, naturalized, farmer, general farm
Galus, Martha, wife, female, age 40, married, age 21 when first married, born Poland, parents born Poland, speaks Polish, immigrated 1907, naturalized
Galus, Ted A., son, age 17, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland, laborer, farm
Galus, Beata D., daughter, age 16, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Anna F., daughter, age 14, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Edmund, S., son, age 12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Frances, daughter, age 10, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Henry J., son, age 8, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Laura M., daughter, age 6, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Galus, Mary M., daughter, age 4, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland

1940 U.S. Census, Nebraska, Platte County, Columbus, ED 71-7, sheet 11B, 8 May 1940
Household, 218, rents
Galus, Stanley (x), head, age 60, married, completed 6 years school, born Poland, living in same house in 1935, farmer, at home
Galus, Martha, wife, age 50, married, completed 0 school, born Poland, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Edmund, son, age 22, single, completed 8 years school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935, farmer, at home
Galus, Frances, daughter, age 20, single, completed 8 years school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Laura, daughter, age 16, single, completed 3 years high school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Galus, Mary, daughter, age 14, single, completed 1 year high school, born Nebraska, living in same house in 1935
Household, 219, rents
Kudron, Ursula, (mother-in-law crossed through) head, age 75, widow, completed 0 school, born Poland, first papers filed, living in Nance County, Nebraska in 1935



 Andrew, also known as Henry KUDRON

Andrew / Henry's obituary stated hAndrew "Henry" KUDRONe was born 21 June 1893.  His parents and all of his Polish-born siblings were baptized in the Leki Gorne Parish and yet, I found no record for Andrew.  Through a bit of genealogical detective work, I finally found that Andrew was born and baptized in the Village of Strzegocice, which was part of the Pilzno Parish.  Andrew's first cousin, Julian KIELISZEK, was born in April of 1893 in the Village of Zwiernik, just a couple of months before Andrew.  Andrew's father, Thomas, was named as Julian's Godfather and I began to wonder if Andrew might also have been born in Zwiernik.  I ordered the LDS microfilm for the Parish of Zwiernik again, but found no birth record for Andrew.  I had originally extracted Julian's birth and baptism information back in September 2000.  Now, 10 years later, I turned to his record again, and there I saw a notation I originally missed that said Thomas was a coachman / wagon driver (auriga) living in Szczegocice (sic, spelled Strzegocice).  At the time I initially reviewed Julian's birth record, Szczegocice would have meant nothing to me.  I have since ordered the microfilms for the Pilzno Parish, having learned that some of my family lines, including the KUDRONs, originated from another village in that Parish.  Strzegocice is one of the villages in the Pilzno Parish.  The 1893 records for Strzegocice were missing from the microfilm, however there was a birth index of the parish, which listed an Andreas KUDRON, born 21 July 1893 in Strzegocice - just one month different from the birth date in the obituary.  While the index entry did not name the parents of Andreas, I am confident this is the birth entry for my granduncle, Andrew KUDRON.

Map of Leki Gorne, Poland Area
Map showing Wola Rzedzinska, Leki Gorne, Leki Dolne, Zwiernik, Pilzno, Strzegocice

Andrew immigrated to the United States with his mother and siblings, arriving at the Port of Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 Jun 1907, aboard the S.S. Ivernia.  They were going to Genoa, Nebraska, in Nance County, to join his father Thomas, who had immigrated a year earlier.  In 1910 17-year-old Andrew was enumerated with his parents Thomas and Ursula in Loup Township, Platte County, Nebraska.

Andrew was married three times, being widowed twice. The 1920 U.S. census shows Andrew was living in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska, with his wife Blanch and 7 month old son Joseph.  My Dad and my Aunts have said that Andrew's son Joseph was adopted.

 Andrew 1920 Census
1920 U. S. census, Nebraska, Platte County, Columbus, 1st ward, ED 187, sheet 3B, 6 January 1920
Seventh St., x, dwelling 67, family 68
Kudron, Andrew, head, rents, age 26, married, immigrated 1906, alien, born Galicia Poland, parents born Galicia Aus, Laborer, Coal schutes
Kudron, Blanch, wife, age 25, married, immigrated 1914, alien, born Galicia Poland, parents born Galicia Aus
Kudron, Joseph, son, age 7/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Galicia Aus

Andrew filed his Declaration of Intention to become a United States citizen on 16 Nov 1921 in Platte County, Nebraska. The information he provided on this document was the key in finding when my great grandmother and the rest of the family immigrated from Poland.

Andrew stated on his Declaration of Intention:  "I am married; the name of my wife is Bernice; she was born at Tarnov, Austria and now resides at Columbus, Nebraska with me."  I speculated that the Blanch named in the 1920 census and the Bernice named on the Declaration were the same person.

 Declaration of Intention, dated 16 Nov 1921
District Court of Platte County, Nebraska
Andrew Kudron, age 28 years, occupation Works at coal shute (sic). Color white, complexion light, height 5 feet 8 inches, 155 pounds, color of hair light brown, color of eyes blue. Born Pilzno - Galicia - Austria on June 1893. I now reside at Columbus, Nebraska, 6th St and 29th Ave. I emigrated to the United States of America from Hamburg, Germany on the the vessel Ivernia. My last residence was Pilzno, Austria. I am married; the name of my wife is Bernice; she was born at Tarnov, Austria and now resides at Columbus, Nebraska with me. I arrived at the port of Boston, Massachusetts on or about the 20th of June 1907.

(August 2010 - I have found records for Andrew's first and second marriages!!)
The Nance County NEGenWeb page was recently updated with additional marriage extracts.  As I browsed through the entries, I found this record for Andrew and Blanche. 

 Marriage record of Andrew KUDRON and Blanche \ Bronislava BLANETO
Nance County Nebraska Marriage Records Book 4 (cont), (partial book - pp 202-560)
p377 #650 11 Oct 1916 Krakow, Nance, NE
Groom: Kodron, Andrew C., age 24 bp: Austria, res: Nance Co, occ: Farmer [Andrew KUDRON*]
Parents: Thomas Kodron & Orsa Torczon [Thomas KUDRON & Ursula MODELSKI (Ursula's stepfather was Jan TORCZON)*]
Bride: Blaneto, Blanche, age 21 bp: Austria, res: Nance Co
Parents: Joseph Blancto & Kate Gromcavz
Married by Rev E Saliwoski. Married at S S Peter & Paul Catholic Church. Her name on the marriage certificate was listed as Bronislava Planeta. Witnesses: Juliom Kicleszek (sic this would be Julian Kieliszek, Andrew's first cousin) & Anna Kodron. [Julian KIELISZEK, 1st cousin of Andrew; Anna KUDRON*]

*My notes in [ ]
Source: Nance County, NeGenWeb - Nebraska GenWeb
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nenance/olresour.html#mar

Blanche's maiden name was spelled three different ways on the marriage extract and I had doubts that BLANETO / BLANCTO was correct.  I could not find anywhere on the web that the surname BLANETO exists.  The note on the extract said her marriage certificate had her name as Bronislava PLANETA.  I found that the name PLANETA is a Polish surname.  The 1920 census showed she immigrated in 1914.  At Ancestry.com I found a 19-year-old Bronislawa PLANETA on a ship passenger list, arriving in New York on 2 Dec 1913, her final destination, Columbus, Nebraska.

 List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival
S.S. Kaiserin Auguste Victoria sailing from Hamburg, November 21 1913, Arriving at Port of New York, Dec 2, 1913
Line 9
Planeta, Bronislawa, age 19, female, single, occupation s. maid; Nationality, Austria; Race or People, Polish; Last permanent address, Wola Rzedzinska Austria; Name and address of nearest relative or friend in country whence alien came: Father Josef Planeta Wola Rzedzinska; Final destination: Nebr. Columbus; passage paid by self; has $25; never in U.S. before; name of relative or friend going to join: Gr. father Josef Marcys, 395 Box, Columbus, Nebr.; Place of birth Wola Rzedzinska

The Wola Rzedzinska LDS microfilms are on permanent loan at my local Family History Center.  Based on her age on the ship manifest and the 1920 census, Bronislawa's estimated year of birth would be 1894 / 1895.  I found this entry in the Wola Rzedzinska (Wola Rzędzińska) baptism records:

 Birth/baptism record, LDS Microfilm 2035291, item 3, page 217, #71
Wola Rzedzinska, Galicia, Austria Poland
1893 September, date of birth 6, date of baptism 6, house 31
Bronislawa, Catholic, daughter, legitimate; + (no date)
Father: Josephus Planeta, son of Andreas and Marianna Pawka
Mother:  Catharina, daughter of Adalbertus Drwal and Agnetis Gancarz
Godparents: Jacobus Drwal, Agnes wife of Joannes Rdzak
Note: Płaneta - 'L' with a bar; on siblings' records Joseph's mother's name is Marianna PAW 

I did a search on the Platte County NEGenWeb site and found a listing for Blanche in the Columbus 1915 Directory -- Planeta Blanche wks Clother Hotel.

Blanche died sometime between Nov 1921, when Andrew filed his Declaration of Intention, and Nov 1922, when he married his second wife.  I have not found her date and place of death as yet.

Andrew and his second wife were also listed in the Nance County online marriage extracts.  On 12 Nov 1922 he married a widow, Belle (Balbina) SIEMEK TOCZEK, at Ss. Peter and Paul Church in Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.  The record showed this was the second marriage for both of them.  Belle was a daughter of Peter SIEMEK and Antonina BANDUR.  The 1920 census shows that Belle was first married to Tony TOCZEK.  They were the parents of Louis, Henry and Edwin TOCZEK.  The Nebraska 1930 U.S. census shows the two oldest boys were living with their widowed grandfather, Peter SIEMEK, in Loup Township, Platte County.

 Marriage record of Andrew KUDRON and Belle SIEMEK TOCZEK
Nance County Nebraska Marriage Records Book 5
p248 12 Nov 1922 Krakow, Nance, NE
Groom: Kudron, Andrew, age 29, bp: Polland, res: Platte Co., Neb, occ: Railroad
Parents: Thomas Kudron & Ursula Torczon
Bride: Toczek, Belle, age 28, bp: Nebraska, res: Nance Co., Neb
Parents: Peter Siemek & Antonina Binder
Married by Rev. Ed. Saliwoski.  Both widowed, 2nd marriage. Married at S. S. Peter & Paul Catholic Church. Witnesses: Clara Siemeck and John Siemeck

Source: Nance County, NeGenWeb - Nebraska GenWeb
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nenance/olresour.html#mar

Belle also died, leaving Andrew widowed a second time.  I have not found her date or place of death as yet.  Since Andrew married his 3rd wife in Apr 1925, Belle died sometime before then.

According to his obituary, Andrew moved to Sioux City, Iowa, in 1924, he married Margaret (Maggie) SWIDERSKI in Sioux City in 1925 and he was a member of the St. Francis Catholic Church in Sioux City.  From time to time I go back to my genealogy resources looking for new additions.  In Sep 2014 I checked the indexes at FamilySearch.org and found an entry in the Woodbury County, Iowa marriage index for Andrew and Margaret.  The record indicated that Margaret had been previously married.  Her first husband was Zygmond KROKOWSKI; they married 27 Nov 1920 in Woodbury County, Iowa.  I serendipitously found an entry in this index for the marriage of Andrew's youngest brother John to Zelpha SAMPSON; I previously did not have the date or place of their marriage.

Name:    Andrew Kudron
Event Type:    Marriage
Event Date:    27 Apr 1925
Event Place:    Woodbury, Iowa, United States
Age:    31
Birth Year (Estimated):    1894
Birthplace:    
Father's Name:    Tom Kudron
Mother's Name:    Mary Sarek
Spouse's Name:    Margaret Swiderski Krokowski
Spouse's Titles and Terms:    Mrs
Spouse's Birth Year (Estimated):    1897
Spouse's Birthplace:    
Spouse's Father's Name:    Andrew Swiderski
Spouse's Mother's Name:    Frances Gosceski

"Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934", index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/QJDS-TYWZ : accessed 02 Sep 2014), Andrew Kudron and Margaret Swiderski Krokowski, 1925.

The 1930 census shows Andrew living in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, with his wife Margaret and 10-year-old son Joseph.

Andrew 1930 Census
1930 U. S. census, Michigan, Wayne County, Detroit, ED 383, sheet 7A, 5 April 1930
Willis Av East, 3157, dwelling 96, family 21
Kuderon, Andrew, head, age 37, married, age 23 when first married (abt 1916), born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1907, naturalized, Auto maker, Motor Company
Kuderon, Margaret, wife, age 33, married, age 28 when first married (abt 1925), born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1913, naturalized, Wrapper, Packing co.
Kuderon, Joe, son, age 10, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland

The 1940 census shows that Andrew / Henry and Margaret / Maggie were back in Sioux City.  Andrew's son Joseph was enumerated in Wyoming, working as a ranch hand.

1940 U.S. census, Iowa, Woodbury County, Sioux City, ED 97-84, sheet 10B, 12 April 1940
1203 So. Linn, household 184, owned
Kudron, Henry, head, age 46, married, completed 0 years of school, born Poland, naturalized, living in same house in 1935, laborer, meat packing
Kudron, Maggie (x), age 41, married, completed 2 years of school, born Poland, naturalized, living in same house in 1935, laborer, meat packing

1940 U.S. census, Wyoming, Laramie County, Election District 6, ED 11-22, sheet 2A, 24 April 1940
Household 21, rents, lives on a farm
Kudron, Joe T (x), head, age 18, single, completed 3 years high school, born Nebraska, living in Sioux City, Iowa in 1935, ranch hand, ranch

Andrew died 15 Oct 1957 in Sioux City, Iowa, of a heart attack at the age of 64. He is buried in Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Sioux City, Iowa. In May 1998 Bruce and I located the grave of Andrew / Henry KUDRON.  The cemetery record showed that a single grave was purchased by Margaret KUDRON.

Andrew Kudron and Frances Galus
Andrew KUDRON with
his niece Frances GALUS
Maggie Kudron and Martha Galus
Margaret ( Maggie ) KUDRON
with my grandmother Martha GALUS

Margaret / Magdalena / Maggie KUDRON was born 3 Jun 1898 in Muszyna, Galicia, Austria Poland.  The online Social Security Death Index has an entry for Margaret KUDRON, born 3 Jun 1898, died Jan 1979, last address of record Independence, Jackson, Missouri, last benefit Independence, Jackson, Missouri, issued by Iowa, SSN 479-09-5133.  I do not know where Maggie died or where she is buried.  I have gathered some bits and pieces about Margaret's SWIDERSKI family.  See SWIDERSKI.



I did not know much about Andrew's adopted son Joseph.  My Dad had mentionedJoseph KUDRON and Edmund GALUS him and my Aunt Frances said that she and her husband had visited Joseph in Virginia years ago.  Since I found him enumerated in the 1920 census with Andrew and his first wife Blanche, Joseph was probably adopted by them.  After I found Andrew and Margaret's marriage information, I spent a little time at FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com to see if I could piece together anything else about Joseph.  As noted above I found Joseph in the 1940 census living in Laramie County, Wyoming, working as a ranch hand.

A search at Ancestry.com brought up several entries in the U.S. World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949 collection.  These are my transcriptions of the earliest and latest entries with one of the in between entries:

U.S. World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949
Page 16
Report of Changes of U.S.S. Bolivar (APA34) 7th day of May, 1944, date of sailing from Pearl Harbor, T.H. to Sea.
Line 20: KUDRON, Joseph Thomas; service number 961 67 53, rating at Date of Last Report S2c SV V6, date of enlistment 27 Jan 44, Place of Enlistment Omaha, Neb., Branch of Service USNR SV, Received 5/6/44, From AdCom5thPhibForPac,(GD), for duty.Joseph Kudron adopted son of Grand Uncle Andrew Kudron

U.S. World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949
Page 7
Muster Roll of the Crew of the U.S.S Bolivar (APA34) for the quarter ending June 30, 1944
KUDRON, Joseph Thomas, Service Number 961 67 53, present rating S2cSV6, Date of Enlistment 27 Jan 44, Date first received on board 6 May 44

U.S. World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949
Page 12
Report of Changes of U.S.S Bolivar (APA 34) for the period ending 13th day of February, 1946, date of sailing from San Francisco, California to Balboa, Canal Zone
Line 18: KUDRON, Joseph Thomas, Service Number 961 67 53, Rating at Date of Last Report: Cox, Date of enlistment: blank, Place of enlistment: blank, Branch of Service SV6, Transfer 12 February 1946, RecSta., Treasure Island, San Francisco, California furas ComWesSeaFron.

About the U.S.S. Bolivar (APA34) from Wikipedia: 
          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Bolivar_%28APA-34%29

Another result from my Ancestry.com search was from the Iowa, World War II Bonus Case Files, 1947-1954 collection.  This document provided his date and place of birth.

Iowa, World War II Bonus Case Files, 1947-1954, Ancestry.com
Name:     Joseph Thomas Kudron
Birth Date:     6 May 1920
Birth Place:     Omaha, Nebraska
Application Date:     5 Dec 1949
Application Place:     Sioux City, Iowa, USA

Application to State of Iowa for World War II Service Compensation
Dated 5 Dec 1949 at Larimer County, Colorado
Name of Applicant: Joseph Thomas Kudron
Address to which check or mail should be sent: Twin Pine Ranch, Dwyer, Wyoming
Legal residence of applicant for the period of six months immediately prior to actual induction of enlistment in the armed forces of the United States: 1203 South Linn St., Sioux City, Iowa (Temporary residence: Mark T Cox, ranch, Box ?7, Cheyenne, Wyoming)
Date of applicant's birth 5/6/1920; Place of birth, Omaha, Nebraska
Applicant's service or serial number: 951-57-33 [this doesn't match the number from the above muster rolls, but it is close]
Name under which applicant served in the armed forces of the United States: Same Name
Date of entry into active service: 1/27/1944; Date of separation from active service: 3/29/1946
Terminal leave: One month
If applicant claims credit for foreign service: date of departure from United States, April 16, 1944; date of return to the United States, June 18, 1945

Note:  The address 1203 South Linn St. matches the address of Joseph's father Andrew / Henry from the 1940 U.S. census.

In the U.S. Public Records Index collection at Ancestry.com I found an entry for Joseph.  Using just the address in his entry I searched for others who might have the same address.  The results named a Rebecca P Kudron, who is probably Joseph's wife.

U.S. Public Records Index, Volume 2
Name: Joseph T Kudron
Birth Date: 6 May 1920
Address: 1006 Rowland Ave, Chesapeake, VA, 23324-1152

U.S. Public Records Index, Volume 1
Name: Rebecca P Kudron
Birth Date: 28 Oct 1928
Address: 1006 Rowland Ave, Chesapeake, VA, 23324-1152 (1994)

These are the entries in the Social Security Death Index for Joseph and Rebecca KUDRON.

U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014
Name: Joseph T. Kudron     
SSN: 523-12-5686
Last Residence: 23324  Chesapeake, Chesapeake City, Virginia, USA
BORN: 6 May 1920
Died: 29 Apr 1995
State (Year) SSN issued: Colorado (Before 1951)

Name: Rebecca P. Kudron    
SSN: 224-30-5424
Last Residence: 23504  Norfolk, Norfolk City, Virginia, USA
BORN: 28 Oct 1928
Died: 17 Dec 2000
State (Year) SSN issued: Virginia (Before 1951)



 Marianna KUDRON

Marianna was born 3 Sep 1895 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland; died 3 Sep 1895 in Poland. 

 Marianna's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptismal record, LDS Reel 1898739, item 1, page 228, #46
Parish of Leki Gorne / Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1895 September, date of birth 3, date of baptism [blank], house #1
Marianna, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
et aqua baptist +3/9 895 (died 3 September 1895)
Marianna was probably stillborn and was baptised as soon as she was born
Father: Thomas Kudron, famulus aulicus [a servant, slave, attendant of the court], son of Andreas and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Marianna Modelski
No Godparents named



 Catharina / Kathryn / Kate KUDRON

Joseph and Catherine KUDRON SPESKathryn / Catharina "Kate" was born 15 Nov 1896, Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland. She immigrated from Poland with her mother Ursula and her siblings, arriving at the Port of Baltimore 20 June 1907.

Kate married Joseph Floyd SPES, son of Valentine and Margarett JAWORSKI SPES / SPIECE, on 22 May 1916 at Ss. Peter and Paul Church, Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska. They farmed near Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska.

(Mar 2007. Thanks to my cousin Jim Kosinski for sending me this photograph of his grandparents.)

Kate and Joseph were the parents of:

 Josephine was born 23 June 1917 in Nebraska.  She married John Paul KOSINSKI, who was born 23 January 1907.  John was a son of Paul and Sophia DUDEK KOSINSKI.  Josephine died 17 November 1910 and is buried in the St. Bonaventure Cemetery.  John died 1 May 2005 in California.

 Theodore "Ted" was born Feb 1920.  He died 26 Jan 1971 in Multnomah County, Oregon.

 Monica A. was born 13 Sep 1921.  She married Raymond MARTIN; they divorced sometime after the birth of their son.  Monica died 22 Feb 2009 in Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska.  She is buried at St. Peter Catholic Cemetery, near Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska. 

Monica and Raymond were the parents of one son, Louis J., born 16 Sep 1945.  Louis died in Omaha on 29 Apr 2014.

 Edwin was born 1923 and died 1969.  He is buried at St. Peter's Cemetery in Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska. 

    FindAGrave memorial - http://tinyurl.com/nbatzp6

 Leona Catharina was born 31 Jul 1926.  She married Gerald SAZAMA.  Leona died 15 Oct 2007.

 Rose Mary \ Mary Rose was born about 1929.  She married Morse RODGERS.  Rose \ Mary is buried at Neligh, Antelope County, Nebraska

 Evelyn was born 28 May 1930 in Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska.  According to her obituary, Evelyn was first married to Willard T. TIERNEY on 30 May 1949.  They were the parents of nine sons.  After Willard's death, Evelyn married Melvin KILLINGSWORTH.  Her obituary indicates Melvin died in 1971, however there is a FindAGrave memorial for a PFC Melvin KILLINGSWORTH, b. 11 Sep 1924, died 12 Sep 1970, buried in the Tekamah Cemetery.  Evelyn died 18 Feb 2013 in Blair, Washington County, Nebraska.

    Obituary posted to the Washington County Genealogical Society webpage - http://www.newashcogs.org/obituary.asp?item=6193

 Leo (living)

 Sylvia was born 8 Nov 1933 in Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska.  She married Carol Frey on 12 Jan 1952.  They were the parents of two children.  Sylvia died 21 May 2014 in Fremont, Dodge County, Nebraska.  She was buried in the Memorial Cemetery in Fremont.

    Obituary in the Fremont Tribune - http://tinyurl.com/q7l7epm

 John

 Infant son

After the death of her husband in 1951, Kate moved to Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, with her daughter Monica and grandson, Louis. She died 25 Sep 1968 in Omaha and was buried in St. Peter's Catholic Cemetery, near Ewing, Holt County, Nebraska.

 Catharina's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 2, page 3, #54
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1896 November, date of birth 15, date of baptism 15, house #1
Catharina, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Thomas Kudron, son of Andreas and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Marianna Modelski
Godparents: Adam Blas, Marianna Pyrekla

 Marriage record of Katie KUDRON and Joe SPES
p312 #605 22 May 1916 Krakow, Nance, NE
Groom: Spes, Joe, age 26 bp: Nance Co., Nebr, res: Holt Co., Nebr, occ: Farmer
Parents: V. Spes & Margaret Jaworski
Bride: Kudron, Katie, age 20 bp: Europe, res: Nance Co., Nebr         
Parents: Tom Kudron & Welma Torczon
Married by Rev E Soliwoski.  Married at S S Peter & Paul Catholic Church. WItnesses: Frank Kudron & Paulina Spes

Source: Nance County Nebraska Marriage Records Book 4 (cont), Fullerton, Nance, NE
(partial book - pp 202-560)
http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ne/county/nance/olres/Marriages/marbk4nc.txt

 Catharine and Joseph SPES in 1920 and 1930 Censuses
1920 U.S. Census, Nebraska, Holt County, Lake Township, ED# 144, Page 1B
Fm/17/17
Spes, Joseph, head, r, , male, wh, age 29, married, born Nebraska, parents born Prussia Ger., German, Farmer
Spes, Katie, wife, fem, wh, age 23, married, immigrated 1908, Na, born Austria, German, parents same
Spes, Josephine F., daughter, fem, wh, age 2 6/12, single, born Nebraska

1930 U.S. Federal Census, Nebraska, Holt County, Golden Township, ED 17, page 2B
Dwelling 35/ Family 36
Spes, Joseph, head, r, m, w, age 40, married, age 27 when first married, born Nebraska, parents born Germany, Farmer, own farm
Spes, Kaie, wife, f, w, age 33, married age 20 when first married, born Austria, parents same, speaks Polish, immigrated 1906, Na
Spes, Josephine F., daughter, f, w, age 12, single, born Nebraska
Spes, Theodore F., son, m, w, age 10, single, born Nebraska
Spes, Monika A., daughter, f, w, age 8, single, born Nebraska
Spes, Edwin P., son, m, w, age 6, single, born Nebraska
Spes, Leona C., daughter, f, w, age 3 2/12, single, born Nebraska
Spes, Mari R., daughter f, w, age 1 7/12, single, born Nebraska



 Josephus / Joseph KUDRON, born 17 Mar 1899, Łęki Górne, Galicia, Poland; died 18 Mar 1900 in Poland.

 Joseph's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS Reel 1898739, item 2, page 25, #20
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1899 March, date of birth 17, date of baptism 19, house #1
+ 18/3 900 (died 18 March 1900)
Josephus, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Thomas Kudron, famulus [a servant, slave, attendant], son of Andreas and Marianna Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Maria Modelski
Godparents: Joannes Lesiak, Anna Skorupa


 Franciscus / Frank KUDRON

Frank and Rose CZARNIK KUDRONFrank was born 19 Jun 1901 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland. He immigrated to the U.S. with his mother and siblings, arriving at the Port of Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1907 on the SS Ivernia.

Frank married Rose Helen CZARNIK, a daughter of Peter and Mary JARECKI CZARNIK on 11 Feb 1924 at Ss. Peter and Paul Church, Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska. Frank and Rose settled in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska, where he worked for the railroad. According to his daughter, Frank became ill and was hospitalized for a period of time. The doctors released him from the hospital, saying he could return to work. He apparently caught cold and later died 2 Jan 1928 in Columbus at the age of 26. Frank is buried in St. Bonaventure Catholic Cemetery in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.

Frank and Rose were the parents of one daughter, Valeria.  Valeria was born 23 Nov 1924 in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.  She married Charles HOTZ on 18 August 1951.  Valeria died 5 June 2007.

Rose CZARNIK KUDRON later married a widower, Stanley KANTOR, on 17 Nov 1930 in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. Rose and Stanley lived in South Omaha. Rose died 13 Feb 1982 in Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, and is buried at St. John's Cemetery in Bellevue, Sarpy County, Nebraska.

 Frank's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 2, #43
1901 June, date of birth 19, date of baptism 20, house #204 (1) Leki Gorne (looks like the houses were renumbered about this time)
Franciscus, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Thomas Kudron, inquilinus [tenant, lodger], son of Andreas and Maria Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Maria Modelski, inquilina
Godparents: Bartholomeus Bernas, Anna Tomasiewicz

The 1930 U.S. census shows that Rose and her daughter Valeria were living with Rose's sister and brother-in-law, Minnie and Julius KIELISZEK  Julius was a first cousin of Frank KUDRON.

 1930 U.S. census, Nebraska, Platte County, Columbus, ED 7, sheet 14A, 10 April 1930
1355 15th Avenue, dwelling 339, family 348
Kielishe (sic), Julius, head, Owns house, age 33, married, age 27 at first marriage, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1900, naturalized, laborer, farm
Kielishe, Minnie, wife, age 24, married, age 18 at first marriage, born Nebraska, father born poland, mother born Nebraska
Kielishe, Joe, son, age 3/12, single, born Nebraska, father born Poland, mother born Nebraska
Kielishe, Mary L., daughter, age 1/12, single, born Nebraska, father born Poland, mother born Nebraska
Kudron, Rose, sister-in-law, age 24, widowed, age 19 at first marriage, born Nebraska, father born Poland, mother born Nebraska, servant, housekeeper
Kudron, Valeria, niece, age 5, single, born Nebraska father born Poland, mother born Nebraska



 Stanislaus KUDRON, born 20 October 1903, Łęki Górne, Galicia, Austria Poland; died 15 November 1903 in Poland.

 Stanislaus' Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 2, page 69, #69
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland
1903 October, born 20, baptized 22, house 204 Leki Gorne
Stanislaus, Catholic, son, legitimate (died 15 Nov 1903)
Father: Thomas Kudron, inquil, son of Andreas and Maria nee Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitmate daughter of Maria nee Modelski
Godparents: Michael Koziol, Catharina Chrostek



 Anna KUDRON

Anna was born 11 May 1905 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland. She immigrated to the U.S. with her mother and siblings, arriving at the Port of Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1907 on the SS Ivernia. 

Anna married CCharles and Anna KUDRON TRAGARZharles TRAGARZ on 14 Feb 1922 at Ss. Peter and Paul Church, Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.  Charles was born Stanislaus TRAGARZ, a son of Barthomiej TRAGARZ and Anna nee TRAGARZ, on 23 Oct 1894 in Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland. Charles arrived in the United States aboard the Kronprinz Wilhelm, sailing from Bremen, 2 Apr 1912, arriving at the Port of New York, 9 Apr 1912.  He was going to Duncan, Platte County, Nebraska to be with his uncle Jacob MICZEK.

Charles and Anna farmed in Polk County, before moving to Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. They were the parents of two children:

 Edward TRAGARZ was born 28 Jun 1924, Shelby, Nebraska; he married Ann L. DURACINSKI 1 Dec 1962 at St. Bonaventure Catholic Church, Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. Edward died 5 Jul 1992 in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska; Ann died 26 Jun 1970. Both are buried at St. Bonaventure Cemetery.

 Mae TRAGARZ was born 27 May 1929, Shelby, Nebraska; she married Albert ALT 27 May 1947 at Pilzno Church, Polk County, Osceola, Nebraska. They were the parents of seven children. Mae died 18 Feb 1990 and is buried in St. Bonaventure Catholic Cemetery in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.

 Mae and Albert's daughter Cheryl Lea ALT ANDERSON was killed in an accident 26 May 1987. Cheryl was born 6 Aug 1962 in Columbus, Platte county, Nebraska. She is buried in the St. Bonaventure Cemetery in Columbus.

Anna died 16 Oct 1978 in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska; Charles died 13 May 1961. Both are buried in the St. Bonaventure Cemetery in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.

 Anna's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 2, page 80, #37
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1905 May, date of birth 11, date of baptism 14, house #204 Leki Gorne
Anna, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Thomas Kudron, famulus, son of Andreas and Maria nee Tomasiewicz
Mother: Ursula, illegitimate daughter of Maria Modelski
Godparents: Adalbertus Skorupa, Catharina ???

Charles \ Stanislaus was my third cousin twice removed, related to me through my KOTLARZ family.  Charles' KOTLARZ line:  father, Bartholomeus TRAGARZ; grandmother, Anna PODRAZA; great grandmother, Salomea KOTLARZ; great great grandparents, Joannes KOTLARZ and Lucia LADOWNA.  Charles' Pedigree Chart  More about my KOTLARZ Family

 Charles' / Stanislaus' Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 1, page __ , #65
Parish of Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland
1894 October, date of birth 23, date of baptism 25, house 201, Leki Gorne
Stanislaus, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Bartholomeus Tragarz hortulanus, son of Thomas and Anna nee Podraza
Mother: Anna daughter of Adalbert Tragarz and Agnetis nee Kotlarz
Godparents: Jacobus Micek, Marianna Koziol

 Charles and Anna TRAGARZ in the 1930 Census

 1930 U.S. census, Nebraska, Polk County, Clear Creek Precinct, ED 3, sheet 2a, 5 April 1930
Dwelling 32, family 32
Tragarz, Charles J., head, age 33, married, age 27 at first marriage, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1912, naturalized, farmer, general farm
Tragarz, Anna, wife, age 22, married, age 16 at first marriage, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1908, alien
Tragarz, Edward P., son, age 3 10/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland
Tragarz, Mae R., daughter, age 1 10/12, single, born Nebraska, parents born Poland



 John William KUDRON

According to a note in a small spiral notebook that belonged to my Grandmother, John's date of birth was 15 Apr 1908. On his Social Security appliJohn KUDRONcation, dated 2 Oct 1937, John gave his date of birth as 1 Apr 1909 in Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska.  I sent to the State of Nebraska asking if they could locate John's birth record, but they were not able to find one.  At the time he applied for his Social Security card, John was working for Schmidt Bros. in Greer, Idaho. He gave his employer's address as Lewiston, Idaho. According to one of my Aunts, John married a woman named Zelpha. I was able to find a Social Security application for a Zelpha SAMSON KUDRON dated Aug. 29, 1940. Zelpha's address on this application was 517 Main St., Clarkston, Washington, which is just across the Snake River from Lewiston, Idaho, where John KUDRON applied for his SSN. Zelpha was the daughter of Evan Loyd SAMSON and Emma Georgia McCONNELL, born 27 Oct 1908, Dunning, Blaine County, Nebraska.

In Sep 2014 I was looking for possible new records at FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com -- specifically for the 3rd marriage of John's brother Andrew, whom I knew was married in Sioux City, Iowa.  I entered the last name KUDRON on the search criteria and was pleasantly surprised to see an index of Iowa marriages had been added to FamilySearch.  Just a couple of entries below Andrew's was the marriage information for John and Zelpha SAMPSON!  Serendipity!!  :)  John KUDRON and Zelpha SAMPSON were married 5 Apr 1927 in Sioux City, Woodbury County, Iowa.

I have not located John or Zelpha in the 1930 U.S. census as yet.  In 1940 they were enumerated in Nevada.

1940 U.S. census, Nevada, Pershing County, Humbolt Township, ED 41-1, sheet 1A, 23 April 1940
Grass Valley, household 3, rents, farm
Kudron, John (x), head, age 30, married, completed 8 years school, born Nebraska, living in rural Nance County, Nebraska in 1935, foreman, stock ranch
Kudron, Zelpha, wife, age 31, married, completed 2 years high school, born Nebraska, living in rural Nance County, Nebraska in 1935

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) shows that John died in May 1961. The last place of residence was not filled in. I sent to the State of Idaho to see if John may have still been in Idaho at the time of his death, but nothing was found. The SSDI shows that Zelpha's date of death was 20 Jun 1988 and her last place of residence was Salinas, Monterey, California 93906. I checked the online California Death Index and found a listing for Zelpha. The index shows Zelpha's mother's maiden name as McCONNELL and her father's last name as SAMSON; her birthplace was Nebraska. On finding Zelpha's last place of residence in Salinas, CA, I posted a query on the Monterey California Message Board asking if anyone would be willing to look up Zelpha's obituary. Within two days of my query I received a response from a gentleman who now lives in Monterey, CA, but was born and raised in Omaha!  (I live in Omaha...)  Zelpha's obituary lists a surviving son as well as two brothers and a sister.

I posted the information from John and Zelpha's Social Security applications on a post-em on the Social Security Death Index site.  On 23 July 2004, Ernest KUDRON, a grandson of John KUDRON and Zelpha SAMSON posted a post-em on the SSDI entry for Zelpha.  I contacted him and found that Ernest's father Ronald was living in Salinas, California.  I asked if he knew where his grandfather was buried.  Ernest asked his father, who responded that John was buried in the Catholic Cemetery in Reno, Nevada.  I searched for Catholic cemeteries in Reno and I found only one:  Our Mother of Sorrows cemetery,  2700 North Virginia St., Reno, NV  89507, phone 775-323-0133.  I called the cemetery office.  They confirmed that John W. KUDRON, born 1 Apr 1909, died 1 May 1961, buried 4 May 1961, was buried in the Veteran's section, row C, grave #5.  John was buried from the Walton Funeral Home, 875 W 2nd St., Reno, NV 89503, phone 775-323-7189.  John's grave currently has no marker on it.  John's obituary - use your BACK button to return here.

A few short months after connecting with my cousin Ronald KUDRON, he died on 21 Nov 2004 at the age of 60 in Salinas, California.


 Great Great Grandparents -- Andrzej KUDROŃ / Andrew KUDRON and Marianna TOMASIEWICZ

Thomas' parents, Andrew and Mary TOMASIEWICZ KUDROŃ, did not emigrate from Poland. According to my Dad and my Aunts, Thomas had a sister who also settled in the Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska area. They also knew there was some connection to the SOKOL family.

Through another Polish researcher I learned that the birth/baptism and marriage records for Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Austria Poland, are available on microfilm through the LDS Church (LDS films #1898738, #1898739). In researching these Polish birth/baptism and marriage records of Łęki Górne, Poland I found that Thomas had at least three siblings: Carolina, Anna and Tecla.  Anna was the sister who married a SOKOL and had immigrated to the United States.


Andrzej / Andrew KUDRON
b. 22 Nov 1830,
Kozia Wola, Galicia, Poland
d. 9 May 1899
Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland
bur. Leki, Poland

Parents:
Jan / Joannis KUDRON
Apolonia PODRAZA
Married
1 Sep 1858
Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland
Marianna TOMASIEWICZ
b. ABT 1833

d. 7 Jan 1902
Leki, Poland
bur. Leki, Poland

Parents:
Andrzej / Andrew TOMASIEWICZ
Thecla DUDEK

For quite some time I was unable to find a baptism record for Andreas / Andrew. His marriage record, dated 1 Sep 1858, said he was 28 years old, giving a calculated birth year of 1830.  At some point I went back and re-examined the marriage record in the Łęki Górne / Leki Gorne microfilms.

Marriage record Andreas KUDRON - Marianna TOMASIEWICZ

I initially failed to observe the additional notation following the names of Andreas' parents.  At first I had trouble deciphering the words.  I finally determined that the words were "di pagu Kozia Wola oriunda", meaning "originating from the village of Kozia Wola".  The microfilm index at FamilySearch.org did not have an entry for Kozia Wola.  Through a sheer stroke of luck (or the guidance of my great great grandfather's spirit), I found a reference to Kozia Wola as one of the villages included in the Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland.  I ordered the microfilmed records for the Pilzno Parish from the Family History Library and discovered the baptism record for Andreas.  This discovery took me back two more generations for my KUDRON family and opened up other female lines.

 Marriage record of Andrew and Marianna

Marriage record, LDS Reel 1898739, item 9, page 30, entry 10
1 September 1858
Groom: Andreas Kudron son of Joannes Kudron and Apollonia Podraza, house #6
Catholic, age 28, single, born in the village of Kozia Wola
Bride: Marianna legitimate daughter of Andreas Tomasiewicz and Thecla Dudek, house #6
Catholic, age 25, single
Witnesses: Jacobus Forysiewicz, Martinus Tomasiewicz

 Andrew's Baptism Record

Baptism record, LDS reel 2006732, item 1, Parish of Pilzno, Village of Kozia Wola, page 48
1830 November, Date of birth, 22; date of baptism, 23; house #29
Andreas, Catholic, son; the "illegitimate" column is checked, but both parents are named.
Father: Joannes Kudron, hortulanus
Mother: Apolonia daughter of Stanislaus Podraza
Godparents: Martinus Kudron, cm; Catharina wife of Blasius Curyło

 As of September 2014, I have yet to find a birth/baptism record for Marianna TOMASIEWICZ.  Her parents were married 2 Feb 1827 in Leki Gorne.  Based on her age at the time of her marriage and her death, Marianna was born about 1832/1833.  I have found records for four of her siblings born after her in the Łęki Górne / Leki Gorne Parish, but none for her.

 In addition to my Great Grandfather Thomas, Andrew and Marianna had the following children:

 Carolina KUDRON
Carolina was their first born. She was born 3 Oct 1859 in Łęki Górne, house #6. She was baptised on 4 Oct 1859. On her baptism record, under her name, is a "+". This is usually accompanied by a date and indicates the date of death. I searched the death records for Leki Parish (LDS film #1898740) and found the death record for Carolina.

 Carolina's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/Baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898738, item 11, pg. 77, entry 115
October 1859, date of birth 3, date of baptism 4, house 6 Leki Gorne, there is a + (cross) over the date of birth.indicating she died
Carolina, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Andreas son of Joannis Kudron and Apolonia Podrazionka
Mother: Marianna daughter of Andrea Tomasiewicz and Theclae nee Dutkowna
Godparents: Michael Tomasiewicz and Thecla wife of Michaelis Sellik

 Death Record
Death record, LDS microfilm 1898740, item 7, #58
Parish of Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland
1859 December, date of death 30, date of burial 2 Jan 1860, house 6
Carolina, daughter of Andreas Kudron and Maryanna Tomasiewicz
Catholic, female, age 2 months, died of natural causes

 Anna KUDRON
Anna, the second child of Andrew and Marianna, was born 3 May 1862 in Leki Gorne, house #6. She was baptized on 4 May 1862. Anna married Ludovicus / Louis SOKOL, October 5, 1884 in Leki Poland. According to the 1910 Nebraska census for Nance County, Lewis / Louis SOKOL immigrated to the U.S. in 1897. His wife Anna immigrated in 1898.

 Anna's Baptism Record
Birth/Baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898738, item 11, pg. 126, entry 37, Leki Parish, Galicia, Poland
May 1862, date of birth 3, date of baptism 4, house 6
Anna, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Andreas Kudron son of Joannis and Apolonia Podraza
Mother: Marianna daughter of Andrea Tomasiewicz and Theclae nee Dudek
Godparents: Andreas Tomasiewicz and Catharina wife of Joannis Miczek

 Louis's Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898738, item 11, pg 73, entry 86, Leki Parish, Galicia, Austria Poland
1859 August, date of birth 25, date of baptism 25, house #113 Leki Gorne
Ludovicus, Catholic, son, illegitimate
Father: blank
Mother: Anna daughter of Thomae Sokol and Reginae Kantorwa
Godparents: Bartholomaeus Sokol agricola and Catharina Kotlarka

 Anna and Louis' Marriage Record
Marriage record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 10, page 34, #16, Leki Parish, Galicia, Austria Poland
5 Oct 1884
Groom: Ludovicus Sokol, Dis??sus ad tempus miles (soldier), illegitimate son of Anna nee Sokol
Catholic, age 25 (b abt 1859), single, no house #
Bride: Anna daughter of Andreas Kudron and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz
Catholic, age 22, single, house 350
Witnesses: Joannes Kosiol, Josephus Zieba

Louis and Anna KUDRON SOKOL had three children, all born in Poland: John, Marianna and Thomas Anthony. I found on the NEGenWeb Nance County online resources the marriage records for all three of their children. All took place in the Ss. Peter and Paul Catholic Church at Krakow, Nebraska.

 John Louis SOKOL was born 18 Oct 1885, Łęki Górne / Leki Gorne, house 351, Galicia, Poland.  He first married Stella (Tekla, Tillie) CIELOHA, a daughter of Joseph and Katherine MOSTEK CIELOHA, on 28 Oct 1908 at Ss. Peter and Paul Church in Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.  John and Stella had one son, Leo, who was born about 1911.

John second married Minnie CZARNIK on 18 Apr 1942, in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.  Minnie was born 28 Feb 1908, a daughter of Peter and Mary JARECKI CZARNIK.  John SOKOL died 11 Sep 1984. Stella CIELOHA SOKOL died 12 Dec 1945; Minnie CZARNIK KIELISZEK SOKOL died 29 Mar 1982. All three are buried at St. Bonaventure Cemetery, Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska.

 Marianna SOKOL, born 1 Mar 1888, Łęki Górne / Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland, married Michael OPELA/OPIELA, born 24 Sep 1877,  a son of George and Victoria OPELA, on 4 May 1903 at Ss. Peter and Paul Church, Krakow, Nance County, Nebraska.

Michael and Marianna OPELLA were enumerated in the 1910 Nebraska census in Prairie Creek Township, Nance County. Three children were listed with them: John, age 6; Joe, age 2; and Eddie, age 7 months. An online 1930 Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska, directory at http://www.rootsweb.com/~neplatte/1930dir_c8.html lists Michael and Mary OPELLA residing at 1617 4th st. They were enumerated in the U.S. 1930 census for Nebraska in Columbus, Platte County. Their children listed in the 1930 census were: Minnie, age 15; Viola, age 13; Helen, age 11; Phillip, age 10; Mike, age 8; Loretta, age 6; and Irene, age 3 4/12.

According to her mother's obituary, Marianna was residing in Chicago at the time of her mother's death in 1948. I located Marianna's death notice in an online Chicago Tribune Historical Archive. (The link to this site no longer works.)

5 January 1969, Chicago Tribune (IL)
Mary OPELLA, nee SOKOL, wife of the late Michael
mother of Joseph [Charlotte,] Edward [Sebe], Michael, Leonard, Valerie [Louis] Szewczyk, Helen [Marvin] Weisenfluh, Loretta [Edwin] Slowick, Irene [Harry] Valasek, the late John, Phillip, Louis, and Minnie
sister of John [Minnie] Sokol of Nebraska
mother-in- law of Sophie and the late Anna
Funeral Monday, 9:15 a.m., from Casey-Laskowski Funeral Home, to St. Mark church. Interment St. Adalbert.

Marianna's death notice indicates that her husband Michael predeceased her. I have not found his date or place of death.

 Anthony SOKOL was born about May 1890 (have not found his birth record in the Leki Parish records), first married Catherine KOLODZEY, daughter of George (Adalbert / Wojciech) and Katie CIOCHON / CHOCHUN KOLODZEY, on 17 Feb 1909.  Catharine was born 19 Nov 1890 in Wola Rzedzinska, Galicia, Austria Poland.  Anthony and Catherine were the parents of Carolyn, Frank, Joseph, Theodore, Steven, Lucille, Richard, Margaret and Frances. They later divorced.

Anthony second married Hattie Ida KALABUNDE / KLABUNDE, born 23 Jan 1895. Anthony and Hattie both died in a car accident 4 Nov 1956 in San Bernadino, California.  They are buried at Rose Hill Memorial Park in Whittier, California.

Catherine KOLODZEY married John ZIEMBA, a widower, about 1960 in Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska. She died 13 Aug 1976 and is buried at Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Omaha.

Over the 4th of July 2000 weekend I found Louis SOKOL's burial place at St. Lawrence Catholic Cemetery just outside Silver Creek, Merrick County, Nebraska; he died on 18 April 1939. A third cousin through my KUDRON line found that Anna KUDRON SOKOL died February 24, 1948, in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. Anna's obituary indicates she was buried in the Catholic cemetery in Silver Creek, Merrick County, Nebraska. Bruce and I walked the St. Lawrence Cemetery, but did not find a tombstone for Anna SOKOL. There is an empty plot next to the grave of Louis SOKOL, so I wonder if that is Anna's unmarked grave.


 Thecla KUDRON

Thomas' sister Thecla was born and baptised 12 Feb 1865 in Leki Gorne, house #25. In the Leki Gorne microfilm records I found a daughter Lucia was born to Tecla on 25 Aug 1890, no house # was given. Tecla married Joannes / John KIELISZEK on 19 Nov 1890 in Leki Gorne Parish in Poland. In reviewing my earlier records I found Jan KIELISZEK listed on the Hamburg, Germany passenger list on the line directly below my GrGrandfather Thomas KUDRON. The age of Jan (40) on the passenger list in 1906 would compute to the approximate date of birth I have for him from his marriage record (1867).  Thomas and Jan's destination in the United States was Fullerton, Nebraska, where their brother-in-law L. SOKOL was living.  L. SOKOL would have been Louis SOKOL, who married Anna KUDRON, sister of Thomas and Thecla.

 Thecla's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS reel 1898738, item _, pg. 187, entry 21
February 1865, date of birth 12, date of baptism 12, house 25
Thecla, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Andreas Kudron son of Joannis and Apolonia nee Podraza
Mother: Marianna daughter of Andreas Tomaszewicz and Tecla nee Dudek
Godparents Adalbertus Chrostek and Eva ?Hanzel?

 Thecla and Jan's Marriage Record
Marriage record, LDS reel 1898739, item 10, page 74, entry 29, Leki Parish, Austria Poland
19 November 1890
Groom: Joannes Kieliszek, son of deceased Angetis nee Kieliszek, born in ?Miechocin?, living in Leki Gorne
Catholic, age 23 (abt 1867), single, house #204
Bride: Thecla, daughter of Andreas Kudron and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz of Leki Gorne
Catholic, age 25, single, house #204
Witnesses: Petrus Chrostek, Bartholemeus Bisek

 Prior to Thecla and John's marriage, I found a birth/baptism record for a child born to Thecla.

 Lucia's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 1, page 179, #47
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1890 August, date of birth 25, date of baptism 25, no house #
Lucia, (no religion marked), (both puer & puella marked), illegitmate
Father: unnamed
Mother: Thecla, daughter of Andreas Kudron and Marianna nee Tomasiewicz
Godparents: Laurentius Chebda, Anna Farcak

Lucia's brothers, Roman and Julian, (half-brothers?) both named her as their nearest living releative in Poland on the ship manifests when they immigrated to the United States.  Roman KIELISZEK listed his sister Lucya KIELISZEK of Leki Gorne as his nearest relative living in Poland. Roman was a passenger on the S.S. Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, sailing from Hamburg to New York. Date of arrival May 24, 1913.  Julian KIELISZEK named his sister Lucia KIELISZEK of Pilsno as his nearest relative living in Poland. Julian was a passenger on the S.S. Pres Grant, sailing from Danzig (now Gdańsk) to New York. Date of arrival February 16, 1921. This would have been his return from duty in Haller's Army.

I have no other information about Lucia KIELISZEK.

I have found three children of John and Thecla KUDRON KIELISZEK.

 Julian / Julius KIELISZEK

 Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/Baptism record, LDS microfilm #1898355, Item 2, page 131, #17
Zwiernik, Galicia, Poland
1893 April, date of birth 19, date of baptism 23, house #1
Julianus, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Kieliszek Joannes son of Agnetis servus (= servant) in aula loci e Leki
Godparents:  Thomas Kudron, auriga [coachman] of Szczegocice [Strzegocice, Pilzno Parish] and Anna Sokol wife of Ludovicus of Wolica, pastor gregis [pastor = shepherd| herdsman, gregis = flock| herd]

In 1918 Julius volunteered for Haller's Polish Army in France during WW I. Julius' application papers (submitted in Omaha, Nebraska) indicated he was born 17 Apr 1893 in Zwiernik, Galicia, Poland. An application for a marriage license was made in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska, on June 29, 1926 by Julius KIELISZEK and Minnie CZARNIK (dau. of Peter and Mary JARECKI CZARNIK). A son Joseph was born to Julius and Minnie on 16 Mar 1927. Joseph moved to Omaha, married and divorced. He died on 30 Jun 1980 at the age of 53 and was cremated.

Julius / Julian died 19 Mar 1965. His brief obituary in the Columbus Telegram said that Julius died at the Norfolk State Hospital with services being conducted from Sacred Heart Church in Norfolk, Madison County, Nebraska, and burial in Hillcrest cemetery in Norfolk. The obituary from the Norfolk Daily News named "one daughter, Mrs. Mary Lou Loeseke, Columbus; and a son, Joe, Omaha" as survivors.

Kieliszek Wedding
I believe this is the wedding photo of Julian KIELISZEK and Minnie CZARNIK 12 Nov 1923
I do not know the first couple standing behind the bride and groom.  The second couple is my granduncle Frank KUDRON and his wife Rose nee CZARNIK.  Frank was a first cousin of Julian.  Minnie and Rose were sisters.  The last person on the right may be Julian's father John KIELISZEK.

 1930 U.S. census, Nebraska, Platte County, Columbus, ED 7, sheet 14A, 10 April 1930
1355 15th Avenue, dwelling 339, family 348
Kielishe, Julius, head, Owns house, age 33, married, age 27 at first marriage, born Poland, parents born Poland, immigrated 1900, naturalized, laborer, farm
Kielishe, Minnie, wife, age 24, married, age 18 at first marriage, born Nebraska, father born poland, mother born Nebraska
Kielishe, Joe, son, age 3/12, single, born Nebraska, father born Poland, mother born Nebraska
Kielishe, Mary L., daughter, age 1/12, single, born Nebraska, father born Poland, mother born Nebraska
Kudron, Rose, sister-in-law, age 24, widowed, age 19 at first marriage, born Nebraska, fahter born Poland, mother born Nebraska, servant, housekeeper
Kudron, Valeria, niece, age 5, single, born Nebraska father born Poland, mother born Nebraska


 Roman KIELISZEK

As of September 2002 the only other information I had found on John / Jan KIELISZEK was in the 1920 Nebraska Soundex. He was 53 years old (b. about 1867), living in Genoa, Nance County, and was living alone. At this point I had not found anything to show if Tecla KUDRON ever came to the United States, nor did I know when John or Julian died.  In early September I found a link to a new search engine on the NEGenWeb Madison County, Nebraska site for Columbus and Norfolk Historical Obituaries. I located entries for both John and Julius. John (surname spelled KIELYSZEK) died 30 Nov 1938. A copy of his obituary noted

"Mr. Kielyszek, a native of Poland, made his home in this country for more than 30 years, coming here after the death of his wife, nee Miss Tillie Kudron. After he came here his two sons, Julius of Columbus, and Romon, of Omaha, joined him."
The obituary went on to name "Miss Marian Kielyszek of Pilsno, Poland, and two grandchildren, Joseph and Mary Louise Kielyszek of Columbus" as survivors. John was buried at St. Bonaventure Catholic Cemetery in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. I suspect his grave is unmarked, as his name does not appear in the cemetery extracts published by the Platte County Kinseekers.

This was the first reference of Roman (Romon) KIELISZEK I'd come across.  John KIELISZEK's obituary said that his son Romon was from Omaha. I checked several years of the Omaha City Directory in the 1938 timeframe, but did not find Romon/Roman KIELISZEK listed.  I checked through all of the 'K' entries looking for a different spelling, but still found nothing.  I searched the Platte County Rootsweb (http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ne/county/platte/) site and found an entry in the 1917 Draft List.

 http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ne/county/platte/draft.html
PLATTE COUNTY, NEBRASKA 1917 DRAFT LIST
Kieliszek, Roman; Township - Second Ward, Columbus

 LDS microfilm reel 1711766, 1917 Draft registrations, Platte County, Nebraska
Roman Kieliszek, age 21, address 8th & Speice St., Columbus, Nebraska
Born February 28, 1896, Podgrodzie, Austria
Declarant [citizenship]
Farm laborer, working for Sylvester Borowiak, Columbus, Nebraska
Marriage status: single; Race: caucasian

I later found Roman KIELISZEK on a ship passenger list. Roman was listed on the S.S. Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, sailing from Hamburg, Germany to New York. His date of arrival was May 24, 1913. Roman was 17 years old. He gave his last permanent address as Leki Gorne and named his sister Lucya Kieliszek of Leki Gorne as his nearest relative in Poland. His destination in the United States was Genoa, Nebraska and he was going to join his father Jan Kieliszek.

I have not been able to find anything more about Roman. I've tried many different searches in the online Social Security Death Index and in the databases at Ancestry.com, but have not found anything that could be Roman. Since he was named as a survivor in his father John's obituary, Roman was still living in 1938.

 Maria KIELISZEK

A daughter Maria was born 14 August 1904. She remained in Poland.

 Maria's Birth/Baptism Record
Birth/baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898739, item 2, page 75, #51
Parish of Leki Gorne and Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland
1904 August, date of birth 14, date of baptism 20, house 204
Maria, Catholic, daughter, legitimate, house 204 Leki gorne
Father: Joannes Kieliszek, illeg son of Agnes nee Kieliszek ?_______? Miechocin
Mother: Thecla, daughter of Andreas Kudron and Maria nee Tomasiewicz, inquil
Godparents: Michael Koziol, Catherine Chrostek



I could never find evidence that my great grandfather's sister Thecla came to America. John KIELISZEK's obituary stated that he immigrated to the U.S. after the death of his wife, nee Miss Tillie Kudron. I went back to the Leki death records and found that Thecla KUDRON KIELISZEK died of pneumonia on 19 Apr 1909 in Leki Gorne, house #204.  This was after John and Thomas arrived in the United States.  One of my aunts said that there was a daughter who was disabled in some way and was not allowed to enter the United States.  I wonder if Thecla may have remained in Poland with the daughter.



 Great Great Great Grandparents -- Joannes / Jan KUDROŃ and Apolonia PODRAZA

My 3rd great grandparents were Joannes/ Jan KUDRON and Apolonia nee PODRAZA.  Joannes was born 13 Oct 1809 in the Village of Lipiny in the Pilzno, Poland, parish.  He was a son of Simon KUDRON and Regina nee OSZKANDY.  Apolonia PODRAZA was baptized 4 Feb 1805 in the Łęki Górne parish.  She was a daughter of Stanislaus PODRAZA and Margaretha PYRCHLA.

Apolonia was first married to Laurentius CURYŁO / CURYLO on 19 Sep 1821 in the Leki parish.  They were the parents of Michael, born 7 Sep 1824 in Kozia Wola, died 17 Oct 1824 in Kozia Wola; Joannes Cantius, born 13 Oct 1825 in Kozia Wola, died 29 Jun 1854 in Kozia Wola; and Valentinus, born 21 Jan 1828 in Kozia Wola, died 24 Feb 1829 in Kozia Wola.  Laurentius died 6 Aug 1828 in Kozia Wola of disentery.

Joannes KUDRON and Apolonia PODRAZA were married on 4 Feb 1829 in Kozia Wola, Parish of Pilzno, Poland.  Joannes and Apolonia had only one son, my great great grandfather Andreas / Andrzej, born on 22 Nov 1830 in Kozia Wola.  Joannes died about 15 August 1831 at the age of 33, not even a year after the birth of his son.

Apolonia did not remarry after the death of her second husband Joannes.  She died 6 Feb 1859 in Leki Dolne, Galicia, Poland, house 69, at the age of 56.

Baptism record of Joannes KUDRON
Baptism record, LDS reel 2006732, item 1, page 27, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland
13 Oct 1809; house 24
Joannes, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Simon Kudron
Mother: Regina daughter of Michael Oszkandy
Godparents: Antonius Noga, Hedvigis Mozgowiec

Baptism record of Apolonia PODRAZA
Baptism record, LDS microfilm 1898738, item 6, page 130
Parish of Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland
4 Feb 1805, baptized; house 278
Apollonia, Catholic, daughter, legitimate
Father: Stanislaus Podraza
Mother: Margaretha Pyrchlonka
Godparents: Josephus Dudek, hortul; Salomae Galusha hortul

Marriage record - Joannes KUDRON and Apolonia PODRAZA
Marriage record, LDS reel 2006734, item 1, page 16, Kozia Wola
Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland
4 Feb 1829
Groom: Joannes son of Simon and Regina Kudron, Catholic, age 21, single, house #29
Bride: Apolonia*, Catholic, age 24, single
Witnesses: Stanislaus Kudron, Martinus Kudron
*This record says "Apolonia Laurentii Cyryla filia" which translates to Apolonia daughter of Laurentius Cyryla. I am certain this is an error. I believe this should read Apolonia widow of Laurentius Curylo. Laurentius died 6 Aug 1828. I've found three birth records with Laurentius and Apolonia Podraza Curylo as the parents, living in house #29.

Death record of Joannes KUDRON
Death record, LDS microfilm 2006695, item 1, page 34
Village of Kozia Wola, Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland
1831 August, date of death ??, date of burial 15, house 29
Joannes Kudron, hortulanus, Catholic, male age 25
Cause of death looks like "phlysi".  There is a "phthisis" in my Latin word list that means "consumption, tuberculosis"

Death record of Apolonia PODRAZA KUDRON
Death record, LDS microfilm 1898740, item 5, page 27, #9
Parish of Leki Gorne, Galicia, Poland
1859 February, date of death 6, date of burial 8, house 69  Leki Dolne
Apollonia Podrazionka, widow of deceased Joannes Kudron, inquilina
Catholic, female, age 56 years, cause consumption

 4th Great Grandparents -- Simon KUDRON and Regina OSZKANDY

My 4th great grandparents, Simon KUDRON and Regina OSZKANDY, were married 16 Nov 1795 in the Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland.  Based on their ages at the time of their marriage, Simon was born about 1771 and Regina was born about 1777.  I have not found baptism records for them yet.  Simon's death record dated 15 Apr 1846 has his age as 90 at the time of his death, which would make his birth year 1756.  His wife is named on the record and the house number matches with other records for him.

Marriage record of Simon KUDRON and Regina OSZKANDY
Marriage record, LDS reel 2006734, item 1, page 3
Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland
16 Nov 1795
Groom: Simon Kudron, Catholic, age 24, single, house 23
Bride: Regina de Oszkandy, Catholic, age 18, single
Witnesses: Martinus Kudron, Simon Uriasz

Death record of Simon KUDRON
Death record, LDS microfilm 2006695, item 2, #4
Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland
April 1846, date of death 15, date of burial 17, house 24
Simon Kudron, hortulanus, widower of deceased Regina Oszkandy
Catholic, male age 90 years

Simon and Regina were the parents of 14 children.

 Thomas KUDRON

Thomas was baptized 16 Dec 1796 in Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno.  He married Catharina MODELSKI, daughter of Gregorius MODELSKI and Constantia nee MICEK, on 27 Nov 1820.  Thomas died just a few months later on 1 Jan 1821 at the age of 24 years.  After the death of Thomas, Catharina MODELSKI married Gregorius BARO, son of Laurentius BARO and Catharina STORC, on 27 Nov 1821 in Zajaczkowice / Zajączkowice, Parish of Pilzno

Baptism record of Thomas KUDRON
Baptism/birth record, LDS reel 2006732, item 1, page 11
Parish of Pilzno, Village of Lipiny
Bapt. 16 Dec 1796, Thomas +, Catholic, son, legitimate
Father: Simon Kudron, Lbr
Mother: Regina daughter of Michael Oszkandy
Godparents: Martinus Kudron, Sophia wife of Simon Kos

Marriage record of Thomas KUDRON and Catharina MODELSKI
Marriage record, LDS reel 2006734, item 1, page 14
Parish of Pilzno, Village of Lipiny
27 Nov 1820
Groom: Thomas Kudron, Catholic, age 24, single, house 24
Bride: Catharina daughter of Gregorius and Constantia Modelski, Catholic, age 17, single
Witnesses: Martinus Kudron, Stanislaus ?

Death record of Thomas KUDRON
Death record, LDS reel 2006695, item 1, page 29
Parish of Pilzno, Village of Lipiny
1 Jan 1821; house 24
Thomas, "usoradus", Catholic, male, age 24 years
Cause of death (in Latin); febri ?cali?
Latin word sheet from the Family History Center has the following words: "febris" meaning fever; and "uxoratis" meaning married.

 Laurentius KUDRON

Laurentius was baptized 9 Aug 1798, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He died 6 Dec 1798 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Catharina KUDRON

Catharina was baptized 16 Nov 1799, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  She died 9 May 1801 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Magdalena KUDRON

Magdalena was baptized 20 May 1802, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  She died Jun 1802 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Joannes Baptista KUDRON

Joannes Baptista was baptized 27 May 1803, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He died 5 Feb 1807 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Michael KUDRON

Michael was baptized 3 Sep 1806, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He died 20 Apr 1808 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Marianna KUDRON

Marianna was baptized 1 Mar 1808, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  She died 21 Dec 1808 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Joannes KUDRON

Joannes, my 3rd great grandfather, was baptized 13 Oct 1809, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He married Apolonia PODRAZA, widow of Laurentius CURYŁO / CURYLO, on 4 Feb 1829.  Their son Andreas was born 22 Nov 1830 in the Village of Kozia Wola, Parish of Pilzno.  Joannes died about 15 Aug 1831 in Kozia Wola, Parish of Pilzno.    See above for more information.

 Andreas KUDRON

Andreas appears to be the only child of Simon and Regina who did not die in infancy or early adulthood.  Andreas was baptized 29 Oct 1812 in Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He married Hedvigis SWICZCEK \ SWIRCZEK on 18 Nov 1833 in Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno. 

Andreas and Hedvigis were the parents of:

Thomas was born 28 Oct 1838 in Lipiny, house 24, Parish of Pilzno.  He married Agnes WOYTYLO on 2 Sep 1861 in Lipiny.

Marianna was born 26 Jan 1842 in Lipiny, house 24

Joannes was born 18 Sep 1844 in Lipiny, house 24

Catharina was born 29 Jun 1847 in Lipiny, house 24

Josephus was born 21 Oct 1850 in Lipiny, house 24

Josephus was born 5 Mar 1852 in Lipiny, house 24.

All of their children were baptized in the Parish of Pilzno, Galicia, Poland

On 3 Feb 1856 Andreas married Apolonia OSZKANDY, daughter of Andreas OSZKANDY and Marianna nee SZCZERBA, in Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno.

 Franciscus KUDRON (twin of Nicolaus)

Franciscus was baptized 1 Dec 1814, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He died 7 Dec 1814 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Nicolaus KUDRON (twin of Franciscus)

Nicolaus was baptized 1 Dec 1814, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  He died 10 Dec 1814 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Agatha KUDRON (twin of Marianna)

Agatha was born 14 Jan 1817, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  She died 15 Jan 1817 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Marianna KUDRON (twin of Agatha)

Marianna was born 14 Jan 1817, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.  She died 20 Jan 1817 in Lipiny, house 24.

 Jacobus KUDRON

Jacobus was born 1 Jul 1818, Village of Lipiny, Parish of Pilzno, house 24.


Sources / Resources

LDS Microfilms

Following are descriptions of the LDS microfilms I've used in researching my KUDROŃ family. My Grandmother Martha KUDRON GALUS and her family came from Leki Gorne, Galicia, Austria Poland. I later traced my KUDRON line to Kozia Wola and Lipiny in the Pilzno Parish, Galicia, Poland.

For a more detailed description of each microfilm visit the LDS web site at http://www.familysearch.org/

Roman Catholic parish register of baptisms, marriages, and deaths for Leki / Leki Gorne / Leki Dolne, Galizien, Austria; now Poland. Text in Latin.

FHL INTL Film 1898738 Birth records
FHL INTL Film 1898739 Birth, marriage and death records
FHL INTL Film 1898740 Death records
FHL INTL Film 1899056 Death records
FHL INTL Film 1899057 Death records

Roman Catholic parish register transcripts of births, marriages, and deaths for Zwiernik (Pilzno), Galizien, Austria; now Poland. Text in Latin.

FHL INTL Film 1898355 Birth records

Roman Catholic parish register transcripts of births, marriages, and deaths for Pilzno, Galizien, Austria; now Poland. Text in Latin. This parish included the towns of Pilznionek, Dulczówka, Slotowa, Bielowy, Kozia Wola, Lipiny, Redziny, Zajaczkowice.

VAULT INTL Film 2006695 Death records
VAULT INTL Film 2006732 Birth records
VAULT INTL Film 2006734 Marriage records

Roman Catholic parish register of baptisms, marriages, and deaths for Wola Rzedzinska, Galizien, Austria; later Wola Rzedzinska, Kraków, Poland. Text in Latin and Polish.  Includes records for Wola Rzędzińska, Pogórska Wola, Jodłówka, Wałki, Skrzyszów / Wola Rzedzinska, Pogorska Wola, Jodlowka, Walki, Skrzyszow.

FHL INTL Film 2035291 Birth, marriage, death records
FHL INTL Film 2035292  Marriage, death records

Nebraska GenWeb

Platte County, Nebraska http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ne/county/platte/
Nance County, Nebraska http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ne/county/nance/
Madison County, Nebraska http://www.rootsweb.com/~nemadiso/


Other

Columbus and Norfolk Nebraska Historical Obituaries http://www.onelibraryne.org/obituaries/
California Death Index http://userdb.rootsweb.com/ca/death/search.cgi
Social Security Death Index http://ssdi.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi
Haller's Polish Army in France http://www.pgsa.org/haller.php

Timeline of Polish History http://www.rootsweb.com/~polwgw/history.html
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